FAQ On Male Fertility

About one in eight couples struggle with infertility. Although it's commonly assumed that infertility is a problem with female reproduction, about 40% of couples have trouble becoming pregnant as a result of male factor infertility. Below are the common questions on male fertility. In case of more queries contact Jai Andrology experts in Vishakapatnam and Vijayawada.

Q: How frequent is infertility among men?

A: Research indicates that male infertility is as prevalent to that of females. Overall, one-third of instances of infertility are brought on by problems with male reproduction, one-third by problems with female reproduction, one-third by problems with both male and female reproduction, and one-third by unidentified reasons.

Q: What signs of male infertility are there?

A: Some symptoms include the inability to ejaculate or the emission of only a little amount of seminal fluid. Semen that is red or pink may include blood. A health problem might also be indicated by pain, swelling, or a lump in the testicular or genital region. It is important to have a medical examination before trying to get pregnant if a guy has had cancer treated or had blunt force damage to the genitalia.

Q: What factors contribute to male infertility?

A wide range of medical conditions might contribute to male infertility. Male infertility has several causes, including:
Varicocele: Varicocele is the most common cause of male infertility. The condition in which the testicles' surrounding veins swell or enlarge, most frequently in the left testis, damaging sperm production.
Hormonal Issues: Hormonal problems, which are occasionally brought on by obesity, might reduce or stop sperm production.
Genetic anomalies include additional or missing chromosomes, damaged genes, fragmented sperm DNA, and abnormal chromosomal structure.
Infection: Infections of the epididymis or prostate can significantly affect male fertility.
Oxidative Stress: Reactive oxygen or oxidants in the semen can harm the DNA and membrane of the sperm cell.
Side effects of drugs and treatments: Some medicines or medical procedures might prevent the generation of sperm.

Q: How is male fertility issues identified?

A: A semen analysis is done to assess the quantity and quality of semen following the completion of a thorough medical history and physical examination. Based on early results, more procedures, such as diagnostic and genetic testing, could be required. An irregularity in the sperm tract or a varicocele may be found with an ultrasound.

Q: How is the condition of the sperm assessed?

A: Only an andrologist is qualified to do a semen analysis to determine the health of the semen. Three key criteria—motility, morphology, and count—are used to assess the health of semen. The term "motility" describes how well a sperm can move. At least 40% of the group should be swimming ahead, and the remaining 50% should be going forward at a moderate pace. The optimal sperm morphology has a head and tail that are both of average size. The proportion of normally shaped sperm should be at least 14%. The quantity of sperm in seminal fluid is measured by sperm count. Semen must have at least 2 millilitres of total volume and contain at least 15 million sperm per millilitre of concentration. Up to 25% of semen will often be dead. At least 75% of the sperm should be viable.

Q: What can a man do to increase fertility?

A: By keeping a healthy BMI, eating a nutritious diet, exercising frequently, drinking in moderation, and taking vitamin supplements, semen health can improve quickly. A daily multivitamin helps improve sperm health since it contains the nutrients zinc, folic acid, vitamin C, and vitamin D, which all contribute to healthy sperm production and libido as well as sperm count and function. An additional 200 mg of Coenzyme Q10 taken daily can increase sperm count and motility.

Q: What prevalent causes reduce male fertility?

A: Hormone imbalances resulting from excess weight might lower sperm quality. The quality of sperm can also be harmed by marijuana and cigarette smoking, as well as by binge drinking. Contrary to common opinion, hot tubs, mobile devices, and laptops do not impair male fertility.

Q: Are there genetic or age factors that affect male fertility? Does ancestry really matter?

A: A research in the journal Nature discovered that paternal fertility declines with advancing age. According to the study, there is a connection between paternal age and a higher incidence of autism and schizophrenia. Male fertility may be impacted by further genetic anomalies such as faulty chromosomes, sperm DNA fragmentation, or hereditary disorders, which call for further investigation.

Q: What is a typical infertility treatment plan for a man?

A: In cases of male infertility due to varicocele ,microsurgical varcocelectomy is the treatment of choice. In patients with hormonal issues and infections taking medication for few months can improve sperm production.

Male factor infertility is something that no man wants to learn about. The good news is that there are a variety of treatments available for male infertility, so it shouldn't stop him from becoming a father. To talk to experts at JAI ANDROLOGY & MENS HEALTH in VISHAKAPATNAM and VIJAYAWADA , call us at Phone: 0866-2433959, 9391656010.