The biological time clock of the female has always been the main emphasis when it comes to ageing and fertility. Now that more couples are delaying parenthood, the focus of study has switched to male fertility. Over the past 20 years, scientists have come to the consensus that as men age, their semen volume drops and their sperm's morphology and motility (their capacity to migrate toward an egg) alter. However, fresh worries regarding the consequences of genetic anomalies as well as suggestions for delaying the effects of ageing on male fertility have emerged in more recent studies. The following information may be helpful if you and your partner/donor are debating how long to wait before starting your reproductive journey.
Most males see a drop in testosterone beyond the age of 30. Because testosterone is required to produce high-quality sperm, insufficient levels may result in poor sperm production. Unlike eggs, sperm cells continually renew, and as sperm cells split, the likelihood of genetic defects increases. In a research it was discovered that males over the age of 40 had an increased risk of developing random genetic mutations that might cause their kids to suffer conditions like autism and schizophrenia.
Older men take longer to impregnate their spouses since sperm quality and motility also decline with age. According to one research, a guy under the age of 25; takes an average of little over 4.5 months to become pregnant, but a man over the age of 40 takes almost two years.
If the male is 45 or older, there is also a larger possibility that the pregnancy may miscarry. If the male partner is above 41 years old, there is a more than five-fold chance that the couple undergoing in vitro fertilization will not become parents.
The good news is that leading a healthy lifestyle can put off the fertility-lowering consequences of age. Every effort should be made by men over 35 to reduce their risk of possessing defective sperm or genetic anomalies. That entails adopting a healthier lifestyle and abstaining from drinking, smoking, and anabolic steroid use.
Additionally, a connection has been shown between testosterone levels and waist size (the bigger the waist, the lower the testosterone). Man's likelihood of becoming infertile increases by 20%; if his BMI is over 25. Additionally, research suggested that being excessively slim can harm your ability to conceive. For optimum fertility, a man's BMI should range between 20 to 25. A reduced sperm count is indicated by a man's B.M.I. if it is under 20.
The best ways to raise testosterone levels include regular exercise and a low-fat diet. Diets with rich in vitamin C, antioxidants, vitamin E, zinc, and folate help to stop DNA damage from building up in sperm, according to recent study from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Further, having excessive cholesterol affects reproductive function and erectile dysfunction.
Heavy metals and other environmental pollutants are known to affect male fertility. It has been demonstrated that lead, cadmium from cigarette smoke, and high mercury (found in some seafood) reduce sperm function and count.
Last but not least, a man's stress level will also lead to an increase in aberrant sperm and a decrease in its concentration. So keep in mind that obtaining adequate sleep and relaxing might significantly impact your chances of becoming pregnant.
Jai Andrology and Men’s Health is the first exclusive centre in Vijayawada and Vizag that’s instrumental in bringing men’s health as an independent area of focus not only for Fertility, but also Erectile Dysfunction and sexual concerns. With state-of-art technology, advanced treatment and personalized care, we help you deal, grow out of your reproductive health worries and help you take your first steps towards parenthood.
Dr. Kranthi Kumar Reddy is the Consultant Andrologist who graduated in MS.Mch (Urology) NIMS and has done his fellowship in Andrology (UCLH,London). He envisions his venture, Jai Andrology and Men’s fertility to be a comprehensive centre for male fertility and reproductive health.
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